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Cbd oil strength for beginners

How to Determine Which CBD Oil Potency Fits You [BEGINNERS GUIDE]

Deciding to use CBD oil as a natural therapy is one thing, but figuring out which brand to use, what CBD oil strength or concentration to use, and how much CBD to actually take is another thing altogether. With all of the products out there to choose from and their confusing labels, it can be a nightmare trying to determine which is best for you.

In this article, we go over how to choose the right strength CBD oil, depending on what you’re trying to find relief from. Thousands of people everyday use CBD as a therapy for a range of issues, but it is important to have an idea of the right concentration to use in order to get the best results.

Of course, we always remind readers that most CBD products on the market are not approved by the FDA, and are not recognized as drugs or medicines. The only exception is Epidiolex, which is a prescription cannabidiol drug used to treat two rare forms of epilepsy.

With this in mind, none of the information we provide here in this article should be interpreted as medical advice. If at all possible, arrange an appointment to speak with a healthcare professional about the proper use and dosing of CBD oil.

Different Strengths/Potencies of CBD Oil

There are dozens of CBD manufacturers out there to choose from, and most offer oils in at least two or three different potencies or concentrations. Which concentration you choose should depend on what you’re looking to get out of the product.

CBD hemp oil potencies can range anywhere from 100mg to upwards of 5,000mg for a single 30 mL (1 oz) bottle, which is considered industry standard size. A 300 mg bottle would generally be regarded as a low-potency option. Based on cost alone, this is a popular strength range most people start out on.

It is recommended you start with a low potency product first, at least until you gauge how your body reacts to the CBD. Because everybody’s biochemistry is different, not everyone will react the same or get the same therapeutic effects from CBD oil or other CBD products.

Also, starting with the lowest potency oil lets you adequately gauge how much CBD it takes to garner positive results. If you’re trying to find relief from pain, for example, and you jump right into a high-strength 1,000 mg+ bottle, you’ll have no idea how much it took to provide relief — even if it ends up working well for you.

If you start with a lower-strength option, on the other hand, you can start with a small 1-2 mg dose. Yet, if that doesn’t work, you can increase to a 3, 4, or 5 mg dose and see what that does. If you jump straight into a heavy 50+ mg dose and receive adequate results, you’ll never know if a smaller dose would’ve worked just as well, which would have saved you money.

CBD Oil Strength Explained

Before we discuss dosing, in this section, ‘CBD oil strength explained,’ we will highlight some important things to know about different CBD oil strengths.

The bottle size that the CBD oil comes in has to be taken into account when calculating its potency. Let’s look at a straightforward example first. You have two different 30ml CBD oil bottles; one contains 300mg of CBD and the other 600mg. In this case, the 300mg bottle contains 10mg of CBD per ml, and the 600mg bottle contains 20mg per ml.

Now, here is another example where the bottle size is significant. Suppose there are two bottles of CBD oil; both have 300mg of CBD. However, one bottle contains 15ml of liquid, while the other has 30ml. In this case, the smaller 15ml bottle’s CBD concentration is double that of its 30ml counterpart with 20mg of CBD per ml against 10mg.

So, if you are looking for the strongest CBD oil you can find, bear in mind that the bottle’s size needs to be taken into account. The good news is that many leading CBD brands, such as PureKana and Premium Jane, list the milligram of CBD per serving on their packaging, as well as on the product pages of their respective websites.

CBD oil dosage: 300mg, 600mg, and 1000mg options

Like we said, once you start using CBD oil more frequently and are able to gauge how much you need, you can jump up to the more high-potency products as needed. For reference, doses typically range anywhere from 5 mg to 100+ mg in a single day.

Here is a quick rundown of three common CBD oil potencies, and what the majority of people use them for.

Low-potency CBD oil (300 mg)

This is relatively low-potency oil and is a good option for individuals who are just starting out or who may be sensitive to CBD (and/or cannabis in general). Some people have a more active endocannabinoid system than do others, so they will naturally not require as strong of an oil.

A low-strength 300 mg bottle is a good option to take as a daily supplement. Many people take a single daily dose of it for boosted general health, and also to help lower stress levels.

A single serving of a 300 mg (30 mL) bottle of CBD oil is equivalent to 1 mL (20 drops) of oil. This translates to a 10 mg dose of CBD. Many people won’t use a full dose though, and will instead use as little as 5-7 drops of oil, which translates to about a 5-6 mg dose.

Mid-potency CBD oil (600 mg)

A 600 mg hemp oil is a good “step-up” option for people who find they’re having to take large (and/or multiple) doses of a lower potency. In general, a lot of people use products in this strength range for things like anxiety and day-to-day pain. A single dose would still be defined as 20 drops (1 mL) of oil, but instead of containing 10 mg of CBD, a 600 mg bottle would contain 20 mg per serving.

High-potency CBD oil (1,000 mg)

The 1,000 mg range is on the upper end of the potency scale for most CBD oil companies. Products in this strength range are commonly used for sleep issues, deep muscle soreness, migraines, and day-to-day stress and anxiety.

Just like the 300 and 600 mg products, most 1,000mg hemp oils come in a 30 mL bottle. A single 20-drop serving equates to a CBD dose of approximately 33.3mg. In most instances, users won’t have much use for a higher-strength product than this. Here’s a basic table summarizing which CBD oil strength may be best for you:

CBD OIL DOSAGE TABLE

POTENCY BOTTLE SIZE AMOUNT OF CBD IN A
SINGLE 1 mL (20 drop) DOSE
WHAT TO USE IT FOR
300 mg 30 mL 10 mg General wellness and day-to-day health
600 mg 30 mL 20 mg Moderate stress, discomfort, inflammation, and mild pain/soreness
1,000 mg 30 mL 33.3 mg Sleep issues, daily stress, anxiety, or depression, day-to-day pain and inflammation

What CBD Oil Should I Buy?

After reading through the first few sections of this article, you might still be wondering, what CBD oil should I buy? Unfortunately, there’s not one single answer that applies to everybody. Every one of us is different, so we will not all respond in the same way to CBD.

To begin with, ask yourself, why do I want to take CBD? Is it for pain relief, sleep improvement, or to address a mood disorder like anxiety? If it is for any of those reasons, you could discuss this with your doctor to see if CBD is right for you.

Here are a few things to consider when asking yourself, ‘what CBD oil should I buy?’

Body Size Matters for CBD Oil Potency

As mentioned, we recommend starting with a very low dose of CBD to gauge its effects. Of course, not everyone has the same body size and weight. Therefore, a 220lb heavyweight boxer will need a higher dose of CBD than a 126lb jockey.

Still, though, even for people with a higher than average BMI, we recommend starting with a relatively low dose before increasing if necessary.

Potency Options

Earlier, we touched on how CBD oil comes in various bottle sizes containing different concentrations of CBD. The key thing to look out for is the milligram of CBD per serving figure. It will tell you how potent that particular CBD oil is. The CBD oil dosage table above is an excellent guide to figuring out what CBD oil potency you could begin with.

Understanding what you need.…

CBD Results Can Take Time

Do not get discouraged if you do not see immediate results after consuming CBD oil. Bear in mind that it may take some time for you to notice CBD oil’s effects, particularly if you begin with a very low dose.

Be patient, and allow time for the CBD to work. If you are still not seeing satisfactory results, ask yourself if it is time to increase the dose slightly. If in any doubt, consult your physician for dosing-related advice.

How to Choose CBD Oil Strengths

Knowing how to choose a CBD oil that is right for you is not a straightforward process. Hopefully, after reading this article, however, you will have a better understanding of different CBD oil strengths, what potency is most suitable for beginners, and for addressing specific conditions.

If shopping online, be sure to go to the CBD product page of the brand’s website to learn more about the different CBD oils they have on offer.

Final Thoughts on Understanding Which Potency CBD Oil to Take

The main thing to consider when figuring out how to find the right strength CBD oil is to realize that everyone’s internal biochemistry is different. While your friend may be able to ease her stress with just a single 3 mg serving, you may require several times that much in order to obtain the same results. Or, you may not find any relief at all. This is why it’s important to start with the smallest possible dose and work up from there.

Also, make sure you understand that most CBD products on the market are not recognized as medicine. The only FDA-approved clinical use for CBD is in the treatment of Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (two rare forms of pediatric epilepsy).

Because of this, you’ll notice that regardless of strength or potency most all CBD oils on the market put a label on their products that say something like, “this product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.”

Lastly, don’t hesitate to speak with a marijuana doctor or healthcare professional about using CBD oil. It is not our goal for any of the information in this article to be taken as clinical advice, or as a medical recommendation. If you live in a state with legalized medical marijuana, make sure you take full advantage of the resources available to you. Getting a licensed MMJ card is easier than it has ever been before, and it could well be an excellent solution for long-term health.

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CBD Oil Strength: How to Choose the Right One for You

You’re ready to buy CBD oil, but there are a dozen different potencies available. 300 mg? 600 mg? 4000 mg!? Which one should you choose? Buying CBD oil shouldn’t be so confusing. With this guide, we’ll show you exactly what makes these potencies different, and give you the information you need to become an expert. We go over:

  • What the most common potencies/strengths are
  • Differentiate between low, medium, and high strength oils
  • How to determine the actual strength of your CBD oil
  • And how you can apply this to choosing the best potency for what you need it for.

We then get into the more advanced techniques of calculating the optimal CBD concentration for your weight and size.

The Problem With Buying CBD

When browsing different brands, you’ll come across a lot of different strengths (potencies). You’ll find ranges from 300 mg to 4000mg per bottle. With so many CBD options to choose from it can make you feel like you have no idea what you’re even looking at. The labels are confusing and oftentimes, don’t make any sense at all.

The good news is that you’re not alone. The web is full of people asking similar questions. What’s the best potency for MS, fibromyalgia, pain, anxiety… the list goes on.

There are so many factors involved with CBD potency it’s no wonder people are so confused. The condition you’re treating, the concentration of CBD, whether or not other cannabinoids and terpenes are also present, and how severe your symptoms are will all play a role in choosing how effective it’s going to be.

Regardless of your final choice, keep in mind that CBD is not an FDA-approved drug in the United States and as such, this article should not be taken as a clinical claim or a medical recommendation. If you feel uncertain about picking the right strength of CBD oil and measuring the optimal dosage, consult your physician before the purchase. Let’s get into it.

Common Strengths/Potencies of CBD Oil

First of all, let’s clear something up. CBD potency specifically refers to how strong it is. If a CBD extract is rated at 300mg, it’s going to be about half as strong (potent) as the same amount of a CBD extract rated at 600mg CBD.

But wait, there’s more. These potencies also rely on the actual size of the bottle! The total CBD listed in mg refers to the dose contained IN THE ENTIRE BOTTLE. If you have a smaller bottle, the potency will increase.

So 300 mg in a 15 mL bottle will be twice as potent as a 300 mg oil in a 30 mL bottle. Confused? We’ll clear this up in more detail later. Keep reading, you’ll be an expert by the time we get to the end.

Why Are There different CBD Potencies?

As we said, there are many different potencies, but most of the time, you’ll come across two or three main options to choose from.

Needless to say, if you need CBD for regular supplementation or use it to deal with mild conditions, you won’t need CBD oil in high amounts.

A stronger oil might even be overkill.

As of right now, the majority of CBD companies sell oil tinctures in three different potencies:

Each of these potencies can come in a 15, 30, 50, or 60mL bottle. These are by far the most common, but there are also more potent 2000 mg and 4000 mg CBD options available too.

Getting Started With CBD Oils

It’s recommended that new users start with a low potency CBD oil. Of course, everybody’s chemistry is different, and what will work for one person might very well fail to deliver the desired effects for another not work for another.

The main thing to remember is to start slow and observe your body’s reaction to CBD. This way, you’ll be able to see how much of the oil it actually takes to provide the relief you’re looking for. For example, you can start with a 1-3 mg dose, and increase it to a 3, 4, or 5 mg dose later if these aren’t working.

If you’re not sure what we mean with these doses, keep reading, we’ll get to that later.

How To Calculate The Strength Of CBD Oil

The most important thing to remember when you buy CBD oil is to keep in mind that the bottle size matters.

What does this mean? Well, let’s say we have a 600 mg CBD oil in a 15 mL bottle, and another 600 mg CBD oil in a 30 mL bottle, which one is stronger?

The trick is to remember that the total CBD is distributed equally into the entire contents of the bottle, so the larger bottle will be roughly half as potent as the smaller bottle.

Here’s how it works.

There’s a simple calculation you can make to determine the strength of CBD oil.

It goes like this:

[AMOUNT OF CBD IN MG] ÷ [BOTTLE SIZE IN ML] = STRENGTH IN MG/ML

  • Anything below 5 mg/mL (10%) is considered low strength.
  • Anything between 15 and 30 mg/mL (15-30%) is medium strength.
  • Anything between 30 and 60 (30-60%) is high strength.
  • Anything else (60+%) is considered ultra-high-strength or classified as a concentrate.

Wondering how much CBD is in a serving of 300 mg (30 mL bottle)?

Let’s use this as an example. If you have a bottle with 30 mL of oil and advertises 300 mg of CBD, we can simply fill out the formula:[300 mg CBD] ÷ [30 mL Oil] = 10 mg/mL. This is like saying that 10% of the oil is pure CBD. It’s a 10% extract.

This means that every mL of oil you take will deliver exactly 10 mg worth of CBD. Here’s a simple equation:1 serving = 15 drops of oil = a 7.5 mg dose of CBDFor lots of people, though, even as little as 5-7 drops (about 3.5mg of Cannabidiol) can bring relief.

Let’s get into the concepts behind small (300mg), medium (600 mg), and large (1000mg) dose CBD products.

Low Potency CBD Oil (10% or Less CBD)

Most of the low potency CBD oil comes as 300mg in a 30mL bottle, which is a 10% potency. For a large number of people, this 300mg oil will be strong enough to support the endocannabinoid system and offer benefits to conditions like:

  • Mild-to-moderate anxiety [1]
  • Body aches and pains [2]
  • Mild headaches
  • Periodic insomnia
  • Mild to moderate stress

If you’re in the group of users who are particularly sensitive to CBD and other cannabinoids, you won’t require a strong oil to get the expected effects. The low-potency options are a good solution for people thinking of adding CBD oil to their supplementation plan. A single daily dose of CBD can boost immune health, improve homeostasis (balance), and shield you from a range of nervous and endocrine conditions.

Medium Potency CBD Oil (15-30% CBD)

This potency is a good option for those who are looking to elevate their intake of CBD further. Many people taking this dose found little or no benefit from the smaller dose. Typically, people use this dose for symptoms like:

  • Mild to moderate pain
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Digestive issues
  • Mild to moderate anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Mild to moderate headaches

If you notice that you need to take large and/or multiple doses of the 300 mg (30 mL) version to get results, it’s time to upgrade to something stronger.

High Potency CBD Oil (30-60% CBD)

High-potency CBD oil isn’t for everyone. This is a therapeutic grade potency, used mainly for treating specific medical conditions. Conditions that often require high potency CBD oil Include:

  • Moderate to severe pain
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Cancers
  • Moderate to severe anxiety
  • Severe insomnia
  • Frequent migraine headaches
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Epilepsy

If you notice that you need to take large and/or multiple doses of the medium-strength CBD oils, it’s time to upgrade.

Ultra-High Potency CBD Oil (>60%)

2000 mg of CBD in 30mL of oil will yield 66% CBD per mL. These products are thick and syrupy due to the high CBD concentration. They’re also referred to as concentrates because in order to make their manufacturers need to be extracted, and concentrated by removing other elements first. If you’re a first-time user, don’t start with high potency CBD oil.

Its effects are powerful and can have pharmaceutical-like effects in some people. They’re mostly used for serious medical conditions rather than for mild or even moderate levels of discomfort. It’s uncommon to find this potency in a bottle like the other options because it’s simply too thick. Instead, you can expect to find ultra-high potency products in a syringe application.

Unless your symptoms are serious, you likely won’t have to think about using this ultra-high-potency oil. Stick to the low or medium potency range instead.

Choosing Your CBD Dosage: Pro Tips

It’s time we elaborated on a few simple tricks to help you calculate your dosage and choose the right strength of your CBD oil. Let’s explore this in more detail.

1. Calculating Your Dosage Based On Your Body Mass

It’s the evergreen rule for measuring the doses of most substances. People with less body mass need less CBD to experience its benefits, while larger people will require higher amounts of Cannabidiol to produce the same results. Makes sense right?

A good rule of thumb is to take between 1 and 6 mg of CBD for every 10 pounds of body weight. So this would convert to:

  • 1mg/10lbs for low severity
  • 3mg/10lbs for medium severity
  • 6mg/10lbs for high severity

The calculation would be:

[BODYWEIGHT IN POUNDS] ÷ 10 x [DOSE ACCORDING TO SEVERITY] = DOSE IN MG

The low end is for fewer symptoms, the higher range is for more severe symptoms. Here’s a chart to help illustrate this:

Weight

a dose of 15 mg – 25 mg would be best for an individual who weighs 150 lbs, while a 200lb user will require somewhere between 20 mg and 33 mg to get started. The table below will help you estimate the dose and potency of your CBD oil: As mentioned, these are only general figures, and more likely than not, you will have to go through some trial-and-error before you reach the sweet spot.

2. Start Low And Work Your Way Up Gradually

Let’s say you have a friend who weighs no more than 150 lbs and takes 50mg of CBD twice daily, which gets him/her satisfying results. Then, he looks at you and says: “hey, we’re approximately the same weight, take the same amount of CBD for yourself – it will work.”Well, not necessarily.

Like we mentioned, we all have different biochemistry. We also all have different patterns of medication use, supplements, and other substances, each of with could interact differently with your CBD [3]. Even if you know the approximate dosage based on your body mass, you’ll need to experiment to see how your body reacts to different concentrations of Cannabidiol. From here we can adjust the dose accordingly until you know exactly how it’s working.

3. Consult Your Doctor

As much as we love to guide people on different aspects of CBD, we’re not in a position to give you medical advice. The best way to know whether you need a low, medium, or high potency CBD oil is to make an appointment with an experienced physician who knows CBD and can provide you with a professional CBD dosage guideline for your case.

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How To Dose CBD? (Product Guideline)

You don’t have to be an industry expert to notice that CBD oil is not the only way to consume Cannabidiol. With that being said, you’re probably wondering how to measure your CBD dosage if you’re taking capsules or vaping flowers/concentrates/e-liquids.Here’s what you need to know about dosing CBD with the most common products:

Measuring CBD Tincture Dosage

CBD tinctures are by far the most popular way of consuming CBD. It’s also pretty simple; all you have to do is fill the dropper, place a few drops beneath the tongue, then hold it there for up to 90 seconds, and swallow.

But the question is: how much CBD is actually in a dropper?

Typically, a dropper has enough space to hold 1 ml of liquid. For most droppers, this will be about 40 individual drops. If you know the volume of your CBD tincture, you can use an easy formula to figure out how much CBD is in the dropper:

[TOTAL CBD CONTENT/BOTTLE] ÷ [BOTTLE’S VOLUME (IN MILILITERS)] = MGS OF CBD IN A DROPPER

The first step is to do our calculation from above to determine how much CBD there is in mg/mL.

Here’s a reminder of the formula in case you forgot.

[AMOUNT OF CBD IN MG] ÷ [BOTTLE SIZE IN ML] = STRENGTH IN MG/ML

For example, let’s say you’ve just bought a 30ml CBD tincture that has 300 mg of CBD. [300 mg] ÷ [30 mL] = 10 mg/mL

If a dropper holds 1mL of liquid, you can see that you’re getting 10mg of CBD with every full dropper (around 40 drops).

So, if you need to take 5 mg of CBD, and a single dropper of that 300 mg tincture holds 10 mg, simply fill the dropper halfway; simple, right? (Since we know a mL is about 40 drops, we can also just count out 20 drops).

Here’s another example: Let’s say you have 600 mg CBD oil, in a 15 mL bottle. Let’s first find out the amount of mg/mL:[600 mg] ÷ [15 mL] = 40 mg/mL.

Great! Now let’s say we wanted a dose of 80 mg. We need to take 2 dropperfuls to get that dose since one full dropper will have 40 mg of CBD. Done! Although this is not a surefire method, it is still better than shooting blinds.

Measuring CBD Vape Dosage

CBD can be vaped in two ways: either with a CBD e-liquid or by using a CBD cartridge system. Both methods are pretty straightforward and enjoyable.

Just like with a tincture, using an e-liquid to vape CBD boils down to estimating how much CBD a dropper can hold. Once you figure this out, you know how much CBD you are loading into your device.

Most people vape their daily CBD dose throughout the day, so if you suddenly run out of CBD in your cartridge, it’s a sign that you should puff the vapor in slower intervals. A single tank can contain approximately 33.33 mg of CBD if you are using a 1000 mg bottle.

Thus, the tank should last you for the entire day, leaving some CBD for the next session until you have to refill your device. When vaping CBD, regular monitoring is of the essence. This way, you will be able to control your CBD intake more accurately.

Measuring CBD Capsules Dosage

Now, if you’re wondering if there is a 100% accurate method to take CBD, the answer is a loud YES; these are CBD capsules. Because encapsulated CBD contains a fixed dose of the compound, they allow you to dose it precisely.

Let’s say your CBD dosage is 50 mg. In order to meet these numbers, simply buy a bottle of 25 mg capsules and take one piece twice daily; you will be good to go. Besides, what could be easier than swallowing a flavorless CBD capsule with water?

A Final Hit On CBD Strength And Potency

With the abundance of CBD-infused products and different strengths/potencies available on the market, choosing the right option for your situation can become challenging at the best of times. There’s a lot of information about dosing CBD out there, but without breaking this down into its smaller parts, you’re going to remain confused and frustrated forever.

We hope our guide on CBD potency will help you make the right decision when buying and measuring your CBD dosage. By practicing the calculations listed in this guide you can quickly become a wiz at dosing different strengths of CBD for yourself. If you have any questions regarding the dosage and available potencies, feel free to leave a comment below.

References:

  1. Bergamaschi M. M. et. al. Cannabidiol Reduces the Anxiety Induced by Simulated Public Speaking in Treatment-Naive Social Phobia Patients. Neuropsychopharmacology (2011); 36(6): 1219-1226. Published Online 2011 Feb 9.
  2. Reiman A., Welty M., and Perry Solomon. Cannabis as a Substitute for Opioid-Based Pain Medication: Patient Self-Report. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, Vol. 2, No. 1. Published Online in 1 Jun 2017.
  3. Rong C, Carmona NE, Lee YL, Ragguett RM, Pan Z, Rosenblat JD, Subramaniapillai M, Shekotikhina M, Almatham F, Alageel A, Mansur R, Ho RC, McIntyre RS. Drug-drug interactions as a result of co-administering Δ(9)-THC and CBD with other psychotropic agents. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2018 Jan;17(1):51-54.
Nina Julia

Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.

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A beginner’s guide to CBD oil

CBD oil has become wildly popular in the US and UK in recent years.

According to the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis, the UK CBD market is currently worth £300m and is expected to reach £1 billion by 2025.

High street stores now sell a wide range of CBD tinctures (concentrated CBD extract suspended in a base oil) and other oral/topical products.

CBD stands for cannabidiol, and is one of over 110 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids which are found in the cannabis plant.

These chemicals act on cannabinoid receptors located throughout the body as part of its endocannabinoid system, which helps balance a whole host of bodily functions like pain sensation, mood, memory and appetite.

Our bodies naturally produce endocannabinoids, which are the equivalent of those found in the cannabis plant. The endocannabinoid system is self regulating, but many of us need a boost – this is where CBD supplements come in.

There’s a stigma around cannabis because it contains THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the illegal psychoactive component that gets you high. However, isolated CBD isn’t psychoactive whatsoever, and is not considered a controlled substance in the UK.

What does CBD do?

CBD was first isolated and identified back in 1940, while THC had its discovery in the 1960s. Despite CBD’s earlier unearthing, research has mostly focussed on THC, so there’s still a lot to learn about cannabidiol.

Several clinical trials have shown CBD as an effective treatment for epilepsy – late last year, the NHS approved two CBD-containing medicines for use in treating certain types of the illness.

There’s also evidence that CBD may help ease symptoms of other medical conditions such as anxiety, depression, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Crohn’s, arthritis and addiction. However, research is limited in these areas.

Under UK law, over the counter ingestible CBD products are classed as food supplements, therefore cannot make any medicinal claims. If a product claims it can cure all ills, it’s breaking the law.

This is why most CBD products are marketed as wellness supplements.

Are there any side effects?

According to Harvard Medical School, side effects of CBD can include nausea, fatigue and irritability.

It also states that ‘CBD can increase the level in your blood of the blood thinner coumadin, and it can raise levels of certain other medications in your blood by the exact same mechanism that grapefruit juice does’.

As with any supplement, speak to your doctor before taking CBD to ensure it won’t interact with any medication you’re on.

Although there are recommended maximum doses, a 2017 World Health Organisation (WHO) report states that it’s not possible to overdose on CBD. The WHO also advises that cannabidiol is not addictive in humans.

Is an oil tincture the best way to take CBD?

Oil tinctures are a popular way to take CBD.

Drops are administered under the tongue and held for around 60 seconds to allow maximum absorption.

As well as oil tintures, you can buy CBD sprays, capsules, vape cartridges, and edibles like infused gummies, chocolate and drinks.

The length of time a product takes to work varies per person. Getting to work instantly, vaping CBD is the fastest way to feel its effects, however health risks have been raised about vaping.

Edibles generally take a bit longer than tinctures to start working their magic – while oils taken sublingually can kick in after 15 minutes, anything that has to pass through the digestive tract may take from 30 minutes to two hours to get working.

I’d assumed that gummies were a gimmick, but the Pollen CBD gummies, (£35 for 30 x 10mg) have worked wonders for me.

They come in different varieties e.g. one is supposed to energise while another soothes, but I can’t personally tell the difference between them.

Each gummy tastes delicious and is infused with 10mg CBD – they’re a really convenient (albeit incredibly expensive) way of taking CBD as the dose is accurate and there’s no chance of them leaking in your bag, unlike with an oil. (However, an army of – I assume now blissed out – ants discovered my stash, so it’s worth decanting them into a jar.)

I find a gummy in the morning and evening helps with my anxiety and allows me to get on with my day.

What’s the best strength and dosage for me?

We’re all different, so there’s no one size fits all. It’s best to start at a lower dose and see what that does for you, before gradually increasing to find your optimal amount.

‘The area where there is least known about CBD is around dose, particularly for different purposes,’ explains Al Overton, Planet Organic’s UK Buying Director, who oversees CBD products the store stocks.

‘I would say typically advise with taking a 10% oil (it’s quite bewildering because you can get 5%, 10%, 15%, 40% etc) and with a lower dose and building up until you find something that works.

‘There’s no point in buying a huge expensive oil and burning through it in three days if you can get the effect you’re looking for with a lower dose.’

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The world of CBD can be confusing – I spent hours researching strength and dosage when I bought my first bottle of CBD oil.

Brands will usually tell you the amount (in mg) of CBD in the entire bottle, and the percentage. If you’re lucky, you’ll also be told how many mg is in each drop. Not all brands do this so it can be hard to compare different products.

I had no idea how strong to go so after much deliberation, I ordered a bottle of The Original Alternative 1500mg blue edition oil (£58.20 for 30ml). This equates to 5% per bottle, and 2.5mg per drop.

I started taking by four drops (10mg) every morning, but discovered I needed more.

I’m all about less is more, so I amped things up by testing out the Provacan 2400mg CBD oil (£119.99 for 10ml) which equates to a whopping 24% CBD (plus an additional 6.2% phytocannabinoid content), and 12mg per drop.

I find that one drop in the morning is enough to clear my fog of anxiety, and a drop at night sends me into a blissful slumber. However, this potent oil is definitely not one to start your CBD journey with – try it only once you’ve tested lower strength oils.

If you’ve tried various strengths of reputable CBD and find it does nothing for you, your genetics may be to blame.

A 2017 study found that some people naturally produce more endocannabinoids than your average human, so taking extra CBD may not actually affect them.

Should I buy CBD isolate or broad/full spectrum?

To add to the confusion, it’s not just about the strength of CBD in your product – it’s whether the CBD is flying solo or with other cannabinoids.

CBD isolate is the purest form of naturally occuring CBD, and broad/full spectrum oils contain a range of other cannabinoids.

Scientists first coined the term ‘the entourage effect’ in 1998, with research suggesting that cannabinoids work alongside CBD to increase its effect in the body’s endocannabinoid system.

There have been further studies both proving and disproving this theory, so the official jury is still out.

While you may need more CBD isolate to feel the desired effects, its advantage is that it won’t contain any THC whatsoever, whereas many broad spectrum products contain a trace.

When should I take CBD?

Some people find CBD relaxing while others find it stimulating, so it’s a case of trial and error.

Try taking it at different times of the day and keeping a diary of how you feel. You might also prefer taking a few smaller doses over 24 hours, rather than all in one go.

‘The therapeutic level of CBD that you take can accumulate through the day so you don’t necessarily need to take one big dose,’ explains Planet Organic’s Al.

I generally take some in the morning to help calm the anxiety I wake up with, and again in the evening to help me sleep, with a dose in the middle of the day as needed.

There is evidence to support that using CBD as part of a fitness regime can aid muscle recovery, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties.

Metro.co.uk contributor and CBD enthusiast Miranda Larbi tested Impact for Women 1600mg CBD oil (£79.99 for 10ml), a supplement that claims its unique formulation of cannabinoids can complement your fitness regime.

‘It’s amazing; it’s really good at relaxing you. I ran a half marathon then I took it and had no DOMS (delayed onset muscle soreness) for the day or the next day,’ says Miranda.

‘I usually find it hard to sleep after intense exercise but it definitely feels like it helped.’

It’s worth incorporating your regular CBD oil into your exercise schedule to see if it helps, before you fork out on a sport-specific version.

Should I buy flavoured or unflavoured CBD oil?

‘I think unflavoured oils are fine for most people,’ advises Al.

‘Generally the taste of it is not the CBD itself, it’s the oil it’s suspended in. So what you’ll generally get is a taste of hemp oil.

‘The taste is not dissimilar to taking a spoonful of linseed oil as a supplement. You can get CBD oil suspended in a fractionated coconut oil which has a much more neutral flavour or you can get all sorts of flavours.’

CBD is usually suspended in either hemp, coconut or olive oil.

Miranda tested the Love Hemp lemon flavour 1200mg CBD oil spray (£59.99 for 30ml), which is suspended in organic MCT oil.

‘Despite the lemon flavour, I actually prefer oils that aren’t flavoured,’ she says.

‘However, this spray is great and perfect to carry around in my bag all day.’

I tried the Bud & Tender 1000mg CBD oil (£80 for 10ml) which is unflavoured and suspended in organic MCT oil. It’s much fresher than previous hemp oil products I’ve tried (which taste quite bitter), and at 3.3mg per drop, I find eight drops spread throughout the day lessens my anxiety.

1CBD 20% silver edition 1000mg CBD oil (£79.99 for 5ml) is unflavoured and suspended in hemp oil, yet doesn’t have the bitter taste of other hemp products I’ve used.

How do I know which brand to trust?

‘This is the question I get most often with CBD and it’s not dissimilar to taking any other supplement,’ Planet Organic buyer Al tells Metro.co.uk.

‘If you were choosing a vitamin C supplement, you can’t get it and hold it up to the light and see that it’s 500mg as claimed.

‘You need to buy from a brand or retailer that you trust. The challenge with CBD is that most of the brands are quite new so you’re not buying one from your long trusted supplement brand.’

There is a serious lack of regulations regarding CBD oil in the UK and with so many new products popping up, it’s hard to know who to trust. There’s a real chance the product you’re buying isn’t what it claims to be.

The current laws regarding CBD products in the UK state that they cannot contain more than 0.2% THC.

A trustworthy brand should be able to provide a third party lab report, though if you’re not scientifically qualified to understand it, it may seem meaningless.

There’s also the issue that some labs are better than others at picking up certain cannabinoids.

‘There aren’t that many labs in Europe that are capable of testing CBD products properly,’ Al tells Metro.co.uk.

‘However, with the products that [Planet Organic is] listing, we ask for lab test results that confirm the amount of the spectrum of the CBD components, and that it doesn’t contain THC etc.’

Michael Winniczuk, director of 1CBD agrees: ‘The lab reports are a bit of a misnomer, as it depends what lab you go to.

‘If there was one lab and everyone went to that lab, it would be an even test. The challenge you’ve got is that every lab tests for different cannabinoids (there are about 26 or 30) and most of the labs test for six. What about the others?

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‘Some CBD companies are saying there’s no trace of THC when it may just be that that lab didn’t find any because their equipment isn’t good enough.

‘For our own due diligence we use three labs which feels a bit over-egged, but we feel the need to do it.’

Last year, researchers at the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis blind-tested 30 CBD oil products readily available in the UK.

Only 11 of the products were within 10% of the advertised CBD content and 11 actually contained less than 50% of the advertised CBD.

One product – which retailed for £90 in a high street pharmacy – had 0% CBD.

Seven of the oils contained contaminants from the solvent extraction process, at a level above food safety limits (although within permitted pharmaceutical limits).

One of the products tested contained 3.8% ethanol, meaning it should legally be classed as an alcoholic drink.

Another factor to consider is where the hemp in your product was grown.

‘The US has so much more experience with growing the crop than anywhere else and the way they grow it and the way they extract it,’ 1CBD’s Michael tells Metro.co.uk.

‘They don’t use pesticides or chemicals. The hemp plant was used to clear up Chernobyl – it soaks up everything from the ground.

‘So if you’re spraying pesticides on a crop, then it’s going to soak it up and giving it to the consumers in your CBD oil, unless you extract it.’

Farmers in Italy have previously used hemp to clean up contaminated soil.

You also want to check how the CBD in your product has been extracted – CO2 extraction is considered the best method as it doesn’t leave behind harmful residue, which solvent extraction can.

However, CO2 extraction is expensive, which is why it may be shunned by smaller companies, in favour of cheaper alternatives.

There are plenty of CBD startups cropping up all over the show, but it’s worth buying from an established brand.

As a consumer, I wouldn’t be buying it from a market stall or a store that’s just opened in an empty unit on my high street that I’ve never seen or heard of before,’ says Al.

I’d choose a retailer or brand I’ve had dealings with in the past.’

While cheaper offerings on sites like Amazon may seem tempting, it’s not a good idea to buy CBD from third party sellers on there – you’ll never know if what you’re getting is legit.

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Can I travel overseas with CBD?

It’s wise to only take CBD to countries where it’s legal. Exercise caution when travelling through airports in places where CBD is illegal.

Your product may say it contains little to no THC but you could find yourself in hot water if it’s tested and found to contain the controlled substance.

Last year, a woman was arrested at Disney World, Florida for possession of CBD oil that was found to contain THC (even though it was labelled as being THC-free).

There have been several arrests at Dallas-Fort Worth airport in Texas after passengers were found to be carrying CBD products containing THC.

Research CBD regulations in destinations and connecting airports thoroughly before travel.

Until tighter regulations are put in place, it’s best to do your research before investing in a CBD product, as at best you make an expensive mistake, and at worst, you get arrested for unintentional possession of a controlled substance.