Posted on

How fast does cbd oil work for anxiety for dogs

Does CBD Work for Dogs?

Topper, a 7-year-old Ibizan Hound, could hardly walk after being diagnosed with severe arthritic changes due to Valley fever. “The pain became so debilitating he had to be carried outside to eat, drink, or use the bathroom,” recalls owner Christy Moore. “He was on pain medication but it wasn’t working. A friend recommended pet CBD. Within three days he could walk on all four legs and I was crying tears of joy. It was the miracle we needed.”

Lady Amelthia, a Greyhound, was so petrified of thunderstorms she would destroy a crate to escape. “Holding her only made her claw to get away. A ThunderShirt reduced her from 100 to 90 on the anxiety scale,” recalls owner Jenn Boswell, director of the Alabama Greyhound Adoption Center. “Veterinary-prescribed trazodone took it down to a 50. Tried three drops of CBD oil and it went down to a 5.”

Success stories abound of dogs overcoming anxiety, slowing seizures, and even beating cancer due to cannabidiol (CBD), one of more than 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. But how can one substance help so many unrelated problems? Or can it?

Cannabinoids are substances including CBD and THC that mimic the endocannabinoid chemicals naturally produced in all vertebrates. Receptors for endocannabinoids are found throughout the body. The body’s endocannabinoids act as master regulators that signal other systems when to speed up or slow down, working to stabilize the body and return it to homeostasis. Cannabinoids from the cannabis plant affect these same receptors, each in slightly different ways. For example, THC causes a high, while CBD does not.

Is It Harmful?

Unlike THC, which can cause toxicity and even death in dogs when given at prescribed human dosages, the worst CBD has been documented to do is cause diarrhea and changes in some liver enzyme values after several weeks. The main concern with CBD is that it inhibits a chemical in the body called cytochrome P450 that is responsible for metabolizing most drugs. If a drug’s efficacy depends on its metabolized product, CBD could render it less effective. If a drug’s safety depends on it being cleared from the body within a certain time frame, CBD could cause it to build up to toxic levels. Never give your dog CBD without your veterinarian’s knowledge if your dog is taking other drugs.

Does It Work?

Research with dogs is still scarce, but there’s a huge body of research (about 23,000 published papers!) looking at CBD’s effect on laboratory animals and humans, with encouraging results for pain, especially arthritic pain, itchiness, anxiety, and cancer, all of which have at least one canine study as well. The results in dogs? It depends.

Arthritis: Several studies have looked at CBD’s effectiveness against arthritic pain, all with positive results. A Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine study found dogs given CBD at a rate of 4.4 mg per pound twice daily for a month showed significant improvement in pain relief and quality of life. Lead investigator Joe Wakshlag, DVM, Ph.D., DACVN, said that some dogs were initially so decrepit that their owners considered euthanasia, but that after just days on CBD they were trotting around and even climbing stairs. A Baylor University study found similar improvement, adding that CBD worked better when delivered in a liposomal formulation.

Itchiness: Two recent double-blind, placebo-controlled dog studies report CBD significantly reduces itchiness. An Australian study conducted by the company CannPal found their CBD product reduced itchiness, inflammation, and skin lesions by 51 percent after eight weeks of treatment. An American study conducted by the company ElleVet found their product, which combines CBD with another cannabinoid, CBDA, significantly reduced owners’ reports of itchiness.

Cancer: Cannabinoids are reported to induce cancer-cell death and prevent metastasis. In a Cornell University study of CBD, dogs, and cancer, researchers found CBD along with a standard chemotherapy drug reduced cancer-cell proliferation in vitro more than the chemotherapy drug alone. Anecdotal reports from veterinarians have claimed CBD shrunk cancer cells or put dogs into remission.

See also  Cbd oil for kids

Behavior: Anxiety, and especially noise reactivity, is a major reason dog owners seek help using CBD. But despite anecdotal reports of its effectiveness, no controlled study so far has shown it to be particularly effective. A study from the University of Western Australia may show promise for aggressive behavior. Shelter dogs with aggressive tendencies exhibited less aggression toward humans when tested after 15 days of CBD administration. In a study from the University of Kentucky, physiological measurements of anxiety in response to noise were not significantly different for CBD versus placebo, and were worse compared to trazodone (a drug commonly prescribed for anxiety). Note, however, that in this study the CBD was administered four to six hours before testing, which may have been too long a waiting period.

Seizures: Lots of anecdotal reports hail CBD’s success combatting seizures in dogs, but the single controlled study delivered moderate results. In this Colorado State University study, dogs given CBD for 12 weeks had 33 percent fewer seizures than those given a placebo, but it didn’t work for every dog. These researchers are now working on a larger trial using higher CBD doses. Note that THC has been reported to cause seizures, so it should never be included in any CBD product for seizure control. In addition, CBD’s effect on cytochrome P450 could interfere with prescribed anti-seizure drugs, so never use it without your veterinarian’s consent.

Other: There’s also evidence from laboratory animals that CBD is effective in promoting bone healing, fighting infection, treating inflammatory bowel disease, slowing degenerative myelopathy, quelling nausea, and relieving pain, but these have yet to be specifically examined in dogs.

How to Choose CBD For Dogs?

With hundreds of CBD products on the market, and little regulation of them, it’s not easy to know which is best. Look for a product with the National Animal Supplement Counsel (NASC) Seal of Quality Assurance, and one that has a third-party certificate of analysis that includes potency, lists all ingredients, and discloses the possible presence of heavy metals, mycotoxins, or pesticides. Avoid edible products formulated for human consumption, which often contain ingredients such as xylitol that are toxic to pets.

Choose broad-spectrum products, which include other cannabinoids and substances known as terpenes that are also in the cannabis plant. CBD seems to work best when it’s in conjunction with these rather than isolated. But avoid full-spectrum products that include THC.

Aim for about 0.1 to 0.2 mg per kilogram of your dog’s weight, given twice daily by mouth. Work up gradually, but beware that more is not always better with CBD, as sometimes the response is biphasic, meaning that it doesn’t work if you give too little or too much.

Is It Legal?

Many veterinarians are reluctant to suggest CBD, whether because they believe CBD is not yet sufficiently proven helpful or because they fear professional or legal repercussions. CBD products are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for dogs, but neither are common supplements such as glucosamine or fish oil; nor the majority of human-approved prescription drugs routinely prescribed in veterinary practice.

While it is legal to sell hemp-derived products containing less than 0.3 percent THC, until recently the American Veterinary Medical Association did not approve of veterinarians suggesting any cannabis products, including CBD, for patients. Even now, the law is unclear enough that many veterinarians fear repercussions if something went wrong due to their suggestion of CBD.

While some veterinarians are hesitant to suggest CBD, almost all are eager to discuss it once you bring it up. Of course, some veterinarians are more versed in its pros and cons than others. The main concern is its possible interaction with prescribed drugs.

See also  Cbd oil for sleep

Overall, the evidence is compelling that CBD can help at least some conditions. The endocannabinoid system is the largest system in the body, and the least explored. Every year brings new discoveries—and new claims. It’s the beginning of a brave new world of health, but as with any new path, expect some wrong turns, dead ends, and false hopes. CBD is not a miracle drug, but it may be the miracle your dog needs.

This article originally appeared in the award-winning AKC Family Dog magazine. Subscribe today!

How Long Do the Effects of CBD Oil Last in Dogs?

Did you know that human-dog relationships are shown to potentially help with mood stabilization, particularly under stress-prone conditions? In fact, studies have shown that human–animal interactions may even improve peer-to-peer social relationships, as well as increase feelings of respect, trust, and empathy between people.

It is no surprise, then, that dog guardianship has skyrocketed since the onset of a global pandemic. According to Sara Kent, CEO of the nonprofit database Shelter Animals Count, reported that by the end of 2020, spending on pet care and supplies had reached a record $99 billion.

The intersection of CBD and pet products.

Combined with the fact that we can see similar growth trends in the cannabis industry, the possibilities seem endless for the intersection of the two markets. In fact, a 2020 Nielsen report revealed that 74% of CBD buyers have pets. Further, they predicted that hemp-based CBD pet products will represent 3-5% of all hemp CBD sales within the U.S. by 2025.

The truth is, better, more affordable pet care is made possible by the increasing availability of these products such as CBD oil for dogs and American pup parents are ready to try it out – pandemic or not.

Aiding your dog’s overall health through wellness products offers greater support and quality of life. Similar to how humans benefit from nutrition, exercise, vitamins, and other supplements, your dog can benefit from these measures as well.

Pet products like CBD oil for dogs may help to encourage a normal digestive process, maintain neurological balance, and support healthy joint function so your pup can play fetch all day long.

However, while the benefits and growth of CBD supplements and oils are becoming more widely accepted, it is important to have a full understanding of how these products work in your dog.

This guide will walk you through how to use CBD for dogs , from the science behind how it works and how much to give your pet to how long the effects last. Check it out!

How does CBD affect your dog’s body?

The way that CBD and cannabis provide benefits to both animals and humans has to do with one complex system in the body: the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) .

Dogs and the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

The ECS is found in all mammals and helps regulate a number of functions and processes in the body such as digestion, mobility, mood, neurological and immune system responses, and sleep cycles.

There are three main components to the endocannabinoid system: endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. Long story short: the endocannabinoids bind to receptors in order to signal that the entire system needs to take action.

This is important because the ECS communicates with cannabinoid receptors using the endocannabinoids that it produces naturally. However, the buzz around CBD has to do with the fact that the ECS can also stimulate communication through external compounds, such as plant cannabinoids, known as phytocannabinoids. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is one such phytocannabinoid found in the hemp plant.

A deeper dive into the endocannabinoid system will show you that different cannabinoid receptors are associated with different systems in the body.

See also  Nutramax cbd oil for dogs

So what does this mean for your dog? Ultimately, CBD can provide your pup’s endocannabinoid system with additional compounds to use and carry out functions that help address different normal processes.

For this reason, CBD is a great supplement to give your dog for:

  • Supporting normal GI tract health
  • Encouraging key digestive processes
  • Providing peak immune system condition
  • Helping with temporary joint discomfort and general joint health
  • Maintaining healthy neurological function
  • Supporting your dog’s mental health and performance
  • Promotes a calm and relaxed demeanor
  • Helping overcome temporary or situational anxieties
  • And more

These benefits can be delivered in a number of forms, which is why you often see so many different types of cannabis and CBD products for pets. At Canna Companion, our data-driven products are formulated to maintain your dog’s optimal health through CBD capsules and hemp oil .

The lasting effects of CBD oil in dogs?

As you may know, your dog has a unique personality with quirks, likes and dislikes, preferences for foods, toys, and people, and more. In the same way, every dog and every breed is different – and all these factors may affect the length of time that CBD remains effective in your four-legged friend’s body.

Here are some factors that will determine how long CBD lasts in your dog:

  • Weight
  • Diet
  • Activity level
  • Metabolism
  • Duration of exposure to CBD

Typically, it takes around 30 minutes for your pup to feel the full effects of an appropriate CBD oil quantity. After that, the effects last anywhere from four to twelve hours – again, depending on the above factors.

These varying factors are why determining the appropriate frequency and quantity of CBD for your dog will depend on the brand and product you select.

For instance, Canna Companion’s experienced team of scientists and veterinarians have carefully developed NASC Seal-stamped products that already take into account all of these factors. Using bracketing methodology, we analyzed a distinct pattern of data which we used to design our product administration recommendations for both our capsule line and CBD oil products.

With these labeled recommendations, finding the right amount of CBD for your dog becomes a lot less complicated and you can better observe the effectiveness of the products you use.

Keep in mind that if you begin to notice the effects of CBD oil wearing off faster, it is a good idea to contact us or your veterinarian as simply slowly increasing the amount in your pet to maintain the same positive results may not be appropriate.

Furthermore, your method of delivery (i.e. a capsule versus an oil) will likely result in a change in how long the effects last.

Wondering if CBD is right for your dog? Talk to one of our licensed veterinarians.

As pup parents begin to increasingly adopt the usage of CBD oils for dogs, it becomes more important to learn about the proper amount, frequency, and effectiveness so you can provide your furry friends with the best possible care and keep their tail wagging all day long.

Although there are many factors that affect how long the effects of CBD oil last in dogs, a range of four to twelve hours is typical based on the size and weight of your pet. Seeking out trustworthy brands and products is key to your pup’s overall wellbeing.

As always, it is important to always speak to a veterinarian prior to starting any new supplementation routine, including CBD oil, to make sure it’s a good fit for your dog’s routine. Canna Companion offers free consultations with our licensed veterinarians so you can discover if CBD oils are the right choice for your dog.