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Is cbd oil bad for pregnant woman

What You Should Know About Using Cannabis, Including CBD, When Pregnant or Breastfeeding

FDA strongly advises against the use of cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and marijuana in any form during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

Cannabis and Cannabis-derived products have become increasingly available in recent years, with new and different types of products appearing all the time. These products raise questions and concerns for many consumers. And if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you might have even more questions about whether these products are safe for you.

FDA strongly advises against the use of cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and marijuana in any form during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

What are cannabis, marijuana, hemp, THC and CBD?

Cannabis is a plant of the Cannabaceae family and contains more than eighty biologically active chemical compounds. The most commonly known compounds are THC and CBD. One type of cannabis plant is marijuana, which contains varying levels of THC, the compound that produces the “high” that is often associated with marijuana. Another type of cannabis plant is hemp. Hemp plants contain extremely low amounts of THC. CBD, which does not produce a “high,” can be derived from either marijuana or hemp.

We are now seeing CBD-containing products everywhere. CBD can be found in many different products, like drugs, foods, products marketed as dietary supplements, and cosmetics. These products often make questionable health promises about CBD.

FDA wants you to know there may be serious risks to using cannabis products, including those containing CBD, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

What do we know about the effects of marijuana use during pregnancy and while breastfeeding?

There are many potential negative health effects from using marijuana and other products containing THC during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. In fact, the U.S. Surgeon General recently advised consumers that marijuana use during pregnancy may affect fetal brain development, because THC can enter the fetal brain from the mother’s bloodstream. The Surgeon General also advised that marijuana may increase the risk of a newborn with low birth weight. Research also suggests increased risk for premature birth and potentially stillbirth 1 .

While breastfeeding, it is important to know that breastmilk can contain THC for up to six days after use. This THC may affect a newborn’s brain development and result in hyperactivity, poor cognitive function, and other long-term consequences.

Additionally, marijuana smoke contains many of the same harmful components as tobacco smoke. Neither marijuana nor tobacco products should be smoked around a baby or children.

What do we know about the effects of CBD use during pregnancy and while breastfeeding?

There is no comprehensive research studying the effects of CBD on the developing fetus, pregnant mother, or breastfed baby. FDA is continuing to collect and study the data on the possible harmful effects of CBD during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. However, based on what we do know, there is significant cause for concern.

High doses of CBD in pregnant test animals have caused problems with the reproductive system of developing male fetuses 2 . In addition, based on what we already know about CBD, we expect that some amount of CBD will be transferred to babies through breast milk.

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We also know that there is a potential for CBD products to be contaminated with substances that may pose a risk to the fetus or breastfed baby, including THC. We have also heard reports of CBD potentially containing other contaminants (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals, bacteria, and fungus); we are investigating this.

Moreover, CBD has known risks for people in general. Based on clinical studies in humans, risks can include the following:

  • liver toxicity (damage)
  • extreme sleepiness
  • harmful interactions with other drugs

FDA is studying the effects of CBD use from different angles, such as: (1) the use of CBD-containing products, like food, cosmetics, or supplements, over a person’s entire life; and (2) the effects of using these various products in combination. There are many unanswered questions about the science, safety, and quality of products containing CBD.

We especially want to learn more about the effects of CBD during pregnancy and while breastfeeding, including, for example, whether and to what extent the presence of CBD in human milk harms the breastfed baby or the mother’s milk production.

Has FDA approved any CBD products and are there any benefits?

FDA has not approved any CBD products except for one prescription drug to treat rare, severe forms of seizure disorders in children. It is still unclear whether CBD has any other benefits.

Other than the one approved prescription drug, CBD products have not been evaluated or approved by FDA for use as drug products. This means that we do not know:

  • if they are safe and effective to treat a particular disease
  • what, if any, dosage may be considered safe
  • how they could interact with other drugs or foods
  • whether they have dangerous side effects or other safety concerns

The clinical studies that supported the approval of the one available CBD drug product identified risks related to the use of CBD, including liver toxicity (damage), extreme sleepiness, and harmful interactions with other drugs.

What about hemp seeds?

FDA recently completed an evaluation of some hemp seed-derived food ingredients and had no objections to the use of these ingredients in foods. THC and CBD are found mainly in hemp flowers, leaves, and stems, not in hemp seeds. Hemp seeds can pick up miniscule amounts of THC and CBD from contact with other plant parts, but these amounts are low enough to not raise concerns for any group, including pregnant or breastfeeding mothers.

What should you remember about using cannabis or cannabis-derived products?

If you are considering using cannabis, or any products containing THC or CBD, you should be aware of the following:

  • FDA strongly advises that during pregnancy and while breastfeeding, you avoid using CBD, THC, or marijuana in any form.
  • Although many of these products are being sold, FDA has not approved these products, other than one prescription CBD drug product and two prescription drug products containing dronabinol, a synthetic version of THC (which are approved to treat certain side effects of HIV-AIDS or chemotherapy). All three of these prescription products have associated risks and side effects.
  • Always talk with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist before taking any medicines, vitamins, or herbs while pregnant or breastfeeding.
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Do not put yourself or your baby at risk by using cannabis products while pregnant or breastfeeding. Check out these links to learn more about cannabis, marijuana, CBD, and THC, and about taking medicines while you are pregnant.

Is it Safe to Use CBD Oil While Pregnant or Breastfeeding?

Is it bad to use CDB while pregnant? Experts explain if CBD is for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

CBD oil is touted online as a one-stop remedy for relieving inflammation, stress, anxiety, nausea, and more. Many of those ailments are often pregnancy symptoms, and it may seem like an easy fix to use CBD oil for relief. But like all medications and supplements, it is essential to do some investigation before using CBD products while pregnant.

Your healthcare provider should have the final say on what is considered safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, to help moms-to-be and breastfeeding mothers with the preliminary footwork, we’ve compiled answers, backed by medical advice and research, to some of the most common questions about the use of CBD.

What is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is made from extractions from the cannabis plant and diluted into a neutral, edible oil. Even though CBD oil comes from the same plant as marijuana, it does not contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient in marijuana that has psychoactive effects.

The CBD market is still relatively new and unexplored, and for much of the 20th, it was illegal to grow the hemp plant in the United States. Therefore, not much research has been done into the therapeutic benefits of using CBD recreationally or medicinal purposes.

Currently, CBD is not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), so products may contain THC even when it is listed they do not. However, a 2017 report by the World Health Organization states that CBS oil is not addictive nor leads to drug abuse and should be considered safe. It is important to note that this study did not look into the effects of CBD oil on pregnant and nursing mothers.

Commons Uses of CBD Oil

CBD can be applied to the skin topically, inhaled through a vapor pen, or eaten in an edible and is a common treatment for chronic pain or mental health conditions.

Medical marijuana is commonly used to treat:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy and seizures
  • Glaucoma
  • Multiple sclerosis and muscle spasms
  • Severe and chronic pain
  • Severe nausea or vomiting caused by cancer treatment

CBD oil is believed to have benefits for many of the same conditions as well as acne, anxiety, and neurodegenerative disorders.

Some pregnant women consider using CBD products to relieve unwanted pregnancy side effects such as:

  • Morning sickness and nausea
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Pain
  • Anxiety or stress

Research of the Effect of CBD Oil on Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Studies on CBD oil and pregnancy and breastfeeding have not been conducted comprehensively, which means there is a gap in the research. However, there has been research conducted on the effects of marijuana during pregnancy and breastfeeding and the effects of CBD oil on other types of patients.

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Marijuana Use and Pregnancy

The Surgeon General advises against using marijuana during pregnancy and warns that when THC enters the mother’s bloodstream, it can affect the developing fetus.

Marijuana use while pregnant can lead to:

  • Low birth weight
  • Abnormal brain development
  • Stillbirth
  • Disruptions or changes to the endocannabinoid system during fetal development

Cannabis products are the number one illicit drug used by pregnant women in the United States. While it is legal in some states and cities, using products containing THC carries potential risks, similar to alcohol use during pregnancy, to your developing baby.

Marijuana Use and Breastfeeding

Research on marijuana use while breastfeeding is limited and inconclusive. But the CDC reports that chemicals from marijuana, in any form, can be passed to your baby through breast milk. Therefore the CDC recommends that breastfeeding mothers avoid marijuana use.

In terms of CBD oil, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises against its use while breastfeeding because even without THC, the oils can still contain harmful contaminants such as pesticides, fungus, heavy metals, and bacteria.

Common CBD Oil Risks

Pregnant or not, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD oil for use in any application except for one prescription drug for children who have epilepsy.

At this time, the known risks for CBD outweigh the known benefits. In addition to containing contaminants, high doses of CBD oil put individuals at risk for:

  • Liver damage
  • Extreme sleepiness and fatigue
  • Possible side effects or harmful interactions with prescription medications

So, Is CBD Safe During Pregnancy?

It is believed that topical applications applied to the skin are less likely to enter your bloodstream, which could affect the placenta than tinctures or edibles, making some ointments and creams a safer option.

There is currently no research showing that CBD oil is safe during pregnancy or for breastfeeding women, but no studies show that topical ointments and creams are not safe.

We know that cannabis use, when smoked as marijuana or ingested as an edible, is potentially harmful to unborn and breastfed babies. THC has been linked to stillbirth and poor brain development. Neither the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists nor the American Academy of Pediatrics supports THC or CBD oil usage during pregnancy or postpartum while nursing.

The best advice we can share with you is to discuss with your ob-gyn the potential benefits to your health and weigh them against the possible risks to your developing or nursing baby. All medications pose a risk, but safer and more tested medications or supplements may be available than cannabinoids during pregnancy.

Looking for other ways to cope with anxiety during pregnancy? Here are five strategies to dealing with gestational anxiety.