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Is cbd oil good for bones

CBD Oil for Osteoporosis

According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation 1 , this condition affects an estimated 75 million people in Europe, the United States, and Japan. It is estimated to affect 200 million women worldwide – approximately one-tenth of women aged 60.

What is Osteoporosis?

Also known as “porous bones”, Osteoporosis causes bone loss. It’s the loss of tissues, thus resulting in fragile and brittle bones. This means that patients with Osteoporosis have poor bone health as these parts have a lowered density. This makes them especially prone to fractures or other injuries. In worse cases, this disease might deform the normal physical structures. Osteoporosis can trigger issues such as spine deformities.

Symptoms & Causes for Osteoporosis

Symptoms

There are typically not many symptoms in the early stages of Osteoporosis. Once your bones have been weakened by the bone loss, you may have signs and symptoms that include:

  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
  • Loss of height over time
  • A stooped posture
  • Bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected

Risk Factors

Women are more likely to develop Osteoporosis. This is because they can quickly lose bone mass in the first couple of years after menopause.

Other risk factors could include:

  • Overactive adrenal glands
  • Overactive thyroid
  • Low level of sex hormones
  • Using corticosteroids for a long time
  • Medical issues like inflammatory or hormone-related conditions
  • A lower BMI than average
  • Heavy drinking and smoking
  • Frequent use of medications which affect bone strength, bone density or hormone levels negatively

Why can CBD oil work for Treating Osteoporosis?

Over the past few decades, researchers have found out the presence of some cannabinoid receptors such as CB1 and CB2 in bone tissues. Indeed, these elements play an essential role in bone health.

CB2 is expressed predominantly in osteoclasts (bone-resorbing cells) and osteoblasts (bone-forming cells). This kind of cannabinoid receptor is necessary for the regulation of your bone metabolism. Physiologically, it is important to keep a balance between osteoclasts and osteoblasts as it would maintain optimum bone health. As people age, this balance would be impaired, and result in bone fractures or loss of bone density.

CB2 agonists like cannabidiol (CBD) could be used to modulate the functions of these receptors 2 . They can improve the activity and count of osteoblasts while inhibiting the expression of osteoblasts and the proliferation of osteoclasts. These elements can also stimulate the formation of Endocortical bones, suppress bone losses and maintain a normal mass of bone. CB1 receptors, on the other hand, can be activated to inhibit a chemical known as norepinephrine 3 .

This element might delay the formation of your bones and the bone density, adjust the rate of reabsorption and lead to some bone issues.

Recent studies have proven that the use of Cannabidiol (CBD) oil can have positive effects on these receptors, thus alleviating symptoms as well as slowing the progression of osteoporosis.

CBD oil is available in various forms and concentrations, including liquid or thick paste, oil, capsules, gum or candy, salves, sprays or drops, and vapor.

What are the Benefits of Using CBD oil for Osteoporosis?

Over the years, studies have shown that CBD oil and other CBD products have 2 distinct benefits in osteoporosis treatments. Firstly, it would negatively modulate CB2 and CB1 receptors, thus reducing their capability of binding to agonists, a compound which activates them 4 . This is often called the entourage effect, meaning that using CBD oil can help reduce the effects of other compounds that serve as the same cannabinoid receptors.

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What’s more, CBD can inhibit several enzymes such as FAAH and increase the effects that they would exert on these cannabinoid receptors. As a result of these effects, researchers have suggested that CBD is effective and helpful in lowering the risks of bone problems and enhancing health.

The Endocannabinoid System & Bones

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) plays an essential role in the regulation of osteoclast and osteoblast activities 5 . This means if any problem happens in this area, it might lead to a number of conditions, including osteoporosis. There is also evidence to show your ECS might determine the development of a low bone mass 6 . Indeed, a lack of the endocannabinoid receptors in your brain has been linked to a higher turnover of bone.

Essentially, your body might keep “retiring” old bone cells without producing enough new ones for replacement. However, if these receptors could be stimulated with the help of cannabidiol (CBD), the bones are more likely to maintain its function even after many years.

In general, the ECS consists of cannabinoid receptors that are activated by several elements like CBD. The endocannabinoids are basically generated and degraded by a few types of enzymes, this giving this system a role in controlling some essential activities. Consequently, reduced numbers of endocannabinoid receptors are linked to the development of osteoporosis.

CBD oil dosage for Osteoporosis

As a rule of thumb, the dosage of CBD oil or for osteoporosis treatments can vary a lot depending on the level of intensity. It is advisable to start small and increase the CBD dosage gradually until you get the desired results. A standard dose of between 10mg and 100mg of CBD per day is recommended by the CBD experts Leinow and Birnbaum in thier book “CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis”.

The Step-up Method

An in-depth guide of how to dose your CBD has been given in the book CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis by Leinow and Birnbaum 7 . The authors have introduced their Step-Up Method, where they recommend different types of dosage according to weight and condition. To find out how to follow Leinow and Birnbaum’s guide, read our post on CBD dosage.

Is CBD good for Osteoporosis?

A study by French scientists has suggested that human bones come with a higher level of endocannabinoids and ligands than brain cells 8 . Also, a naturally generated cannabinoid in our body named Anandamide could have an effect on the bone tissues. Anandamide helps to bind to those CB2 receptors. They also pointed out that CBD can imitate Anandamide, thus positively affecting bone health in those people who suffer from osteoporosis.

Another study by Idris Al focused on the important part of cannabinoid receptors in treating osteoporosis 9 . The results suggested that CBD is likely to affect bone metabolism and ligands. Therefore, these products can be used for bone fractures and other issues as they may be applied to exploit the cannabinoid receptors for targeting anabolic therapy and anti-resorptive.

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A published study in 2015 by researcher Kogan Niemand 10 has found that when mice were treated with CBD oil, the maximal loads on their bones significantly increased. Also, he discovered that using CBD could speed up the process of healing fractures or broken bones, as well as slow down the loss of bone density.

As reported by the World Health Organisation (WHO), cannabidiol is considered safe and has only few side effects and only in rare cases.

CBD for Osteoporosis & Bone Health [How It Works]

According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), an estimated 44 million people aged 50+ have either osteoporosis or are at risk of developing the condition. This figure represents 55% of the 50+ population, and the number of people at risk is increasing rapidly.

Prescription medication is one of the treatment options given to osteoporosis patients. However, CBD, especially topicals, may ease some of the symptoms of this condition and help to improve bone health.

In this article, we’ll cover recent medical research and whether or not CBD can be used to mitigate symptoms for osteoporosis and help to increase bone health.

What Causes Osteoporosis?

The word osteoporosis means porous bones, and it occurs when the bones weaken over time, increasing the risk of fractures. Worldwide, osteoporosis causes 8.9 million fractures annually.

Osteoporosis can be caused by a number of things, including nutritional and hormonal factors. It’s also related to the normal breakdown of bone, which happens in every person. Human bones are broken down and repeatedly replaced throughout life in a process called bone remodeling. The loss of bone mass occurs when the bones’ breakdown happens at a faster rate than the replacement.

Eventually, the bones lose calcium faster than they can replace it, so the bones become less dense. In women, bone mass loss accelerates after menopause.

Certain medical conditions increase the likelihood of a bone breakdown. Such conditions include Cushing’s syndrome, overactive thyroid, and kidney disease.

While it is impossible to reverse the osteoporosis process completely, there are ways to slow down bone density loss. A change in lifestyle may be necessary. Often, those at risk need to increase the amount of calcium and vitamin D in their diet. They should also avoid alcohol and caffeine as much as possible.

Helpful food and drink choices include

  • milk
  • yogurt
  • broccoli
  • cauliflower
  • fatty fish
  • leafy green vegetables

In addition to eating well, exercise can help strengthen the bones. Sensible options include fast walking, climbing stairs, step aerobics, racquet sports, and dancing.

Living with Osteoporosis

As people age, falls become a real danger. If they have low bone mass, a fall could cause a severe injury such as a broken or fractured hip.

At-risk individuals should ensure their home is safe by removing clutter from stairs and walkways to prevent falls. They should also place non-slip mats in the bathroom and use an adhesive to ensure rugs stay firmly on the ground.

Conventional Osteoporosis Treatments & Their Side Effects (Not CBD)

There is also an array of prescription drugs that may slow down the breakdown of bone mass. The bisphosphonates family of drugs is popular and includes Boniva, Zometa, and Actonel.

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However, bisphosphonates do not have a high level of efficacy. This type of medication can also cause serious side effects such as esophageal ulcers, atypical femur fractures, skin rash, and low calcium in the blood. It may also cause bone, joint, and muscle pain. CBD may help to counter some of these effects.

How Does CBD Help With Osteoporosis & Bone Health?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a significant role in maintaining the health of the bones. While the stresses of daily life take their toll, the ECS facilitates the bone remodeling process.

According to a 2011 article published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, fatty acid amides (FAAs) interact with the body’s cannabinoid receptors and improve the bone remodeling process.

CBD & Osteoporosis Research

A 2015 study looked at the impact of CBD on the healing of fractures. It looked at rats, and over eight weeks, the study determined that CBD may markedly increase the maximal load and work-to-failure rates of the rats when the compound was injected into their femurs.

Understanding how it helps…

Why Choose CBD For Osteoporosis & Bone Health?

While there is no cure for osteoporosis, eating a healthy diet, and engaging in regular exercise can help to slow down the rate of bone loss. Prescription medicines are also a hallmark of therapy. However, they can come with a wide range of symptoms ranging from mild to severe.

There is increasing evidence that the endocannabinoid system may play a role in bone remodeling related to osteoporosis. Whether CBD use has any effects on bone health in humans, though, is to be determined.

Final Thoughts on CBD, Osteoporosis & Bone Health

Unfortunately, there is no way to defeat the aging process. Although experts are not yet able to reverse osteoporosis, CBD may be able to play a role. It is available in various forms, including oils, vape juice, edibles, and even balms, and doesn’t have intoxicating or mind-altering effects.

For those with osteoporosis choosing to opt for CBD, cannabidiol topicals may be the best choice as they can be applied to a targeted area that might be tender or painful. CBD tinctures, on the other hand, are consumed sublingually and provide less of a targeted impact.

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